‘A clearer, stronger, fairer’ devolution settlement has been promised to Wales today in a key announcement made by Prime Minister David Cameron and his Deputy Nick Clegg.
The announcement which has been published in a new ‘command paper’ by the Wales Office, has been labelled ‘a significant constitutional moment’ for Wales by the UK Government, and follows on from recommendations made by a commission on devolution in Wales, chaired by Paul Silk.
Some parties such as Plaid Cymru and Welsh Labour are already saying the offer doesn’t go far enough and has left out major powers such as those over policing and justice and failed to fully reform the way Wales is funded.
The main themes of the announcement are a ‘reserved powers’ model of devolution for Wales, significant new powers and a new funding proposal. But what exactly does this mean?
A reserved powers model for Wales
A new ‘reserved powers’ model of devolution for Wales will be introduced, as it is in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Many have complained that the current ‘conferred powers’ model is complicated. This new model will mean that anything that isn’t explicitly reserved to the UK Government will be devolved to Wales.
There will still be an extensive list of powers reserved to Westminster, but the UK Government say that this model will be clearer.
Funding for Wales
The UK Government will introduce a ‘floor’ on the way Wales is currently funded, meaning that the budget cannot go below a certain level. This, they say, removes any barriers, paving a way for a referendum on income tax, which they expect from the Welsh Government in the next Parliament.
This is a controversial announcement as many say that it does nothing to address the current funding gap between Wales and Scotland.
Size of the assembly
“The size of the National Assembly should be increased so that it can perform its scrutiny role better” says the UK Government and it will also devolve the ability to make this decision to the Assembly so that it can decide for itself whether its current 60 members is sufficient.
The National Assembly for Wales will also be able to change its name to the ‘Welsh Parliament’ if it wishes to and will be recognised as permanent as long as it supported by a majority of the people in Wales.
The Assembly will have powers over its own elections, and will have the right to chose whether it introduces votes for those aged 16 and 17 for these elections.
The Welsh Government will receive powers over energy projects up to 350 MW and fracking licensing.
Wales will have new powers over transport including ports, bus regulation, the Wales and Borders rail franchise and speed limits. The Welsh Government will not receive powers over drink drive limits and air passenger duty with the UK Government committing only to look at this in the next Parliament.
To see all of the announcements made about new powers to Wales, you can see the full command paper here.
Below are thoughts from some political figures. What do you think? Why don’t you let us know below by commenting?
Leanne Wood, leader of Plaid Cymru discuss her reaction to the announcement:
Daran Hill, MD of Positif shares his reaction:
Steve Brooks shares his views:
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