As Wales’ ambitious new curriculum moves closer to becoming reality, it’s inevitable that questions will arise about how the curriculum will be enacted.
As the independent regulator of qualifications, we know the change in approach intended by the curriculum offers the opportunity to re-think how we expect 16-year-olds to demonstrate their attainment. Without doubt, we have skin in the game.
How do we measure success in learning? What do we want our young people to know by the time they leave school? What should they be able to do? How can we give Wales’ learners their best chance of success? Qualifications can’t answer all these questions. Indeed, we shouldn’t ask them to – qualifications can only be part of someone’s educational experience and shouldn’t be seen as a substitute for a rounded curriculum and broad educational experience.
However, we have launched our first consultation to start seeking answers to some of these questions, proposing key principles to help us shape the future. We are also asking about purpose, choice and how skills fit this new education agenda. One of the questions we are testing through this consultation is this: should we continue to call new qualifications designed for the new curriculum GCSEs?
Wales’ Future Generations Commissioner has questioned the role of qualifications at 16 recently, with the publication of the report Education Fit for the Future in Wales in collaboration with Professor Calvin Jones. The headlines focused on a call to scrap GCSEs and a move away from an obsession with exams. It is a clear challenge to the status quo and a healthy debate to have.
GCSEs are, without doubt, the most instantly recognisable form of qualification for 16-year-olds in Wales today. We know from our work measuring public confidence that GCSEs are a solid measure, trusted and understood. Because of that, they travel well despite distinctive differences across jurisdictions that have been introduced over recent years.
Putting brand aside for a moment, another question people ask is why do we need qualifications at 16 at all? It’s a fair challenge. There are thought-leaders who question whether 16 is too young to experience exam pressure, and in any case do people really need qualifications at that age?
I believe that qualifications are still needed at 16. Education in Wales is compulsory until that age, unlike England where education is compulsory to the age of 18. Although most 16-year-olds choose to continue their education, not all do. And even among those that do, not all will achieve further. So, it is essential that everyone going through education has a way of demonstrating what they know and what they can do.
Some thought leaders also predict that people will change careers many times in the future economy, indeed people have done that for many years already. In my mind that makes a broad record of attainment even more important at 16 since the qualifications gained after this age are going to be more specific and may not enable transitions between careers later in life.
Are today’s GCSEs fit for tomorrow? Some would argue that they are not suitable at all. But there is a risk of missing the point here. Qualifications inevitably have a limited shelf life, so they need reform over time to maintain relevance. But that doesn’t mean to say that you get rid of the name – they can evolve but still have the same title.
As we look at how best to evolve today’s qualifications, we will be looking beyond the technicalities. In a world where what people can do is just as important as what they know, we will be applying a skills lens to qualifications where we can. We are already doing this for reformed GCSEs in important ‘real world’ areas such as digital technology and the built environment, and we can see a useful blueprint that could work for other qualifications.
If we want our young people to have the best chance in life as they cross into the adult world, we must do everything we can to make the offer at 16 the very best. Tailor made for Wales, inspiring ambition and respected beyond our national border.
The Curriculum for Wales is an opportunity too good to miss for qualifications. We need the people of Wales to use our consultation to help us shape the future.
All articles published on Click on Wales are subject to IWA’s disclaimer.
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