Dr. Simon Brooks argues that the rise of English nationalism has received much attention following Ukip’s victory in the European elections. It has of late taken a xenophobic turn, and minorities are told to speak English and integrate into English life, even in Wales. The response of the Welsh establishment has been laissez-faire, and has argued against imposing Welsh responsibilities on immigrants to Wales, an honourable but naive position. Given legislation forcing immigrants to learn English, a likely increase in English nationalism in the case of Scottish independence, the possibility of leaving the EU, and more migration to Wales much of it from England, Wales could be facing a new wave of Anglicisation. How can we defend Welsh identity without pandering to intolerance ourselves?.Dr. Simon Brooks’ lecture will suggest that the way forward is to develop a coherent concept of Welsh citizenship. Sub-state concepts of citizenship have been developed in other countries such as Catalonia and Quebec. Like all liberal concepts of citizenship, Welsh citizenship would be non-discriminatory and tolerant, but it would also set out the duties and responsibilities of citizens and migrants, in particular in regards to the culture and languages of Wales.