Tim Williams says today’s Wales needs a contemporary welfare system.
I have so many heresies I don’t know where to start. This one is about the uselessness of Bevanism and the suspicion that Wales won’t make progress until its throws off Bevan’s incubus which has bedevilled Welsh intellectuals for too long.
It’s often forgotten that Bevan opposed Beveridge from the Left. In the Parliamentary debates on the Beveridge Report in 41 and 42 Bevan took an ultra left perspective sneering at the reformism behind Beveridge. If anyone wants to understand the uselessness of Bevanism and its lack of leverage over reality just read those debates.
Wales was lucky historically – certainly until the economic demolition of Thatcher which destroyed jobs for unskilled people in areas now abandoned except by welfarism – that the welfare state was imposed against Bevanism. At least we had something to keep our people warm whilst they waited for socialism a la Bevan…..
I add: the Welsh admired Bevan for his rhetoric and his chutzpah and the fact that the Tories were intimidated by him. But Wales has never been Bevanite. More Bevinite (realist ,pragmatic) really though Bevin never gets celebrated mostly because he was anti-communist and thus for parts of the Welsh intelligentsia beyond the Pale. The fact that Bevin built the home front, built the trade union movement, built the welfare state, defended the West against the Soviets etc all gets dismissed in favour of a romantic ‘Bollinger Bolshevik’ on the take from Beaverbrook! (Of the two of them guess which one had the Big House way beyond what his parliamentary salary paid for ?). Bevan was politically uncompromising (except right at the end)but he loved the high life. Bevin was a puritan by contrast.Both personally and politically Bevin stands head and shoulders above Bevan. I think a Welsh political class which understood that would leave Wales a better place than it is..
If Bevanism was a form of utopianism and welfarism a good early shield but not a contemporary sword for our people, where do we go now, especially since welfare is now in itself the economic backbone of so many of our frankly unsustainable communities – when it was never intended for that purpose?. In my view the Beveridge welfare state was progressive for the working class until the economy in certain areas collapsed. Then that welfarism became an alternative to work, long term. Moreover, welfare is effectively enabling people to survive (no more than) in places which themselves are now not just the place in which multigenerational unemployment happens but to some degree the origin of that problem. Places which simply cannot sustain work.
We know we have whole communities – largely remote housing estates – in which 70% of people or more are not in work and will never find work. Two problems lie behind this: yes, capitalist economic restructuring but yes also a welfare provision which enables people to live but not flourish in failed places.This strikes me as so much the biggest issue in South Wales. The welfare debate is secondary to either sorting out those failed places or enabling our people to live in economically more vibrant places. We do neither.Then we blame people for being welfare dependent when if they are to live in these failed places there is no choice but for them to be married to the welfare state. The bigger question is :do they have to live there?
Short of sorting that bigger issue, I do believe some positive link can be made between the form of welfare provision and the need to re-skill and empower our people. As centralised welfare models have helped disempower a working class once known for self-organisation , so cooperative models of self provision should be reintroduced – not just to diversity the number of models but to help lift people out of the dependency we have created. But where will they get jobs.? The recent Hallam study showed that 70,000 jobs are required in the Valleys to raise them up to UK levels of worklessness. Is that credible?
Sentiment is fine as long as we don’t sacrifice real people to it. Our slogan should be ‘neither Bevanism nor welfarism’ though there’re must be a positive somewhere. For me the issue is that we have economically unviable communities in which poor people congregate and that concentration then makes the outcomes worse.Unless we bring jobs and skills to such places we are merely keeping places going on a minimum care and maintenance basis using the word ‘community ‘ as a cover for our failure. Our people deserve better opportunities than these places are able to give them. The choice we need to enable them to make is not to choose the colour of lipstick on the corpse but to move to more viable communities where they can get off welfare.
I say this because I’m tired of the bullshit around ‘community’ in South Wales . A ‘community’ without jobs is a parody. Bevan and Bevin would have understood that. Final point. I can find no support or model in Bevereidge, Bevan or Bevin – or Raymond Williams – for the type of long term welfare dependent villages we have ,by accident or design, created. This result was in no-one’s programme or ideals. It’s not in mine.