Joyce McMillan listened to the Prime Minister’s speech in Edinburgh last week and reckons he is the most effective Unionist in Scotland
A week, as we all know, is a long time in politics; yet there may still be a few of you who can remember the distant days of 2005, when a fresh-faced young chap called David Cameron began to campaign for the leadership of the Conservative Party. Times were good then, you may recall; there was no need to talk much of public spending cuts, or to hack away at the welfare state.
Instead, David Cameron’s mission – after three successive election defeats – was to “detoxify” the Tory brand, by seeming to take the party back towards the centre ground of British politics. So he began to speak the language of old-fashioned, inclusive, one-nation Toryism, a touch posh and paternalistic, but kindly, liberal-minded, and not driven by rabid free-market ideology.
He spoke of his devotion to the NHS, and flew to the Arctic to express his concern for the environment; and in 2010, he duly became Prime Minister, after entering into a historic pact with the Liberal Democrats.
In recent times, though, that version of David Cameron has often been eclipsed by his less pleasant alter ego, the Flashman-style public school bully who likes beating up the opposition at Prime Minister’s Questions, and who turns on the charm only to defuse opposition to some of the most right-wing social and economic policies ever introduced by a British government.
So it was something of a surprise, last Thursday, to see the one-nation version of David Cameron suddenly born again, in his Edinburgh speech on the future of the Union. Speaking from the rooftop conference suite of a Grassmarket hotel, his head framed by a spectacular view of Edinburgh Castle, the Prime Minister reverted in a trice to the language of his early campaigning days: warm, passionate, inclusive, deeply liberal.
He love-bombed Scotland with references to our mighty contribution to the history of the Union.
He talked eloquently of the ever-closer personal and economic links between England and Scotland, with the obligatory personal reference to the history of his own family. He freely confessed his party’s political weakness in Scotland, and – in a rare flanking move in British politics – paid lavish and slightly surreal tribute to great past Scottish politicians from other parties, name-checking Keir Hardie and James Maxton, among others.
He referred to himself as a “sensible unionist” who wants to see devolution developed and strengthened, if that is what Scots want. And he affirmed with feeling that he has no interest at all in being “Prime Minister of England”. He repeatedly called the UK “our shared home” and said that he would fight with everything he had to save the Union.
Battle is joined, in other words, between David Cameron and Alex Salmond, over the future of Scotland; and although it is strangely flattering for us Scottish voters to have the two most effective politicians currently operating in Britain vying for our affections, the question has to be whether the Prime Minister’s intervention will have any impact on the SNP’s growing dominance in Scottish politics, or will – as so many SNP supporters presume – prove to be irrelevant, at best.
There are certainly dozens of reasons for Scots to be sceptical about the substance of David Cameron’s speech, which referred to the UK nations as being “stronger, richer, and fairer” together. National strength is a debatable asset if we end up squandering it in vainglorious foreign wars. Wealth in the UK is so ill-divided that extreme inequality is fast becoming a national scandal; and it’s precisely because Scots believe in fairness that they reject the politics of David Cameron’s party.
As for the Prime Minister’s effort to play the 1979 Alex Douglas-Home card of promising more and better devolution if only we vote “no” this time – well, the success or failure of that manoeuvre will depend on the length of our political memories.
Scotland’s SNP government would be very ill-advised, though, in the face of the Cameron campaign, to listen only to the self-reinforcing voices of their own supporters telling one another that Cameron is an old Etonian irrelevance, and that Scots will react negatively to anything he says. His intervention certainly comes late; and it highlights the continuing abject failure of the Unionist parties in Scotland to make anything like a coherent and progressive argument for the Union.
Yet in terms of its political positioning, and the quality of its language, this Cameron speech was better than good; it was outstanding, in its grasp of the truth that in order to win this argument, any British Prime Minister must seem to speak from the centre or centre-left of British politics, must talk the language of cultural diversity and inclusion, must seem open to continuing constitutional reform, and must appear to be defending Britain not because he thinks Scotland incapable of surviving on its own, but because he loves the shape, the history and the potential of the UK as it is.
And although political analysts and activists may easily spot the flaws and contradictions in David Cameron’s argument, it’s worth remembering that in Scotland as elsewhere, the vast majority of people are not interested in the detail of politics. What they sense instead is the mood of a debate, what they see is the personalities and the imagery, and what they hear is the odd sound-bite.
It’s because of his own skill in creating a general positive mood around the idea of Scotland’s future that Alex Salmond is First Minister today. And now, for the first time in a decade, he has a Unionist opponent who is seriously challenging that narrative, and trying, in culturally rich and resonant language, to conjure up similar positive imagery around the idea of a continuing United Kingdom.
It’s possible that what David Cameron delivered in Edinburgh last week– admittedly against poor competition – is the strongest explicitly Unionist speech made in Britain since the 1950s. And if the First Minister and his party imagine that there are no Scots left who will pause and listen to that mood-music, and perhaps be influenced by it, then they have not read their opinion polls; nor do they know the cautious and pragmatic temper of the nation they govern, and aspire to lead towards ever-greater independence.
One thought on “Cameron grasps the thistle”
I disagree with this analysis. Cameron has been forced to make this speech because he is deeply troubled by the spectre of Scottish nationalism. He is troubled by it not just because Scotland is a Tory free part of the British state, but more significantly because it threatens the territorial definition of this state. The territorial cohesion of the British state is of vital importance for the British political class – of both major parties. Were Scotland to secede from the union, Britain would be reduced to its territorial nucleus – England and Wales. Such a development would be deeply hurtful to the political elite, particularly the elite that has emerged during the course of post-war period. This is an elite that is rooted not in class, but in meritocracy. It is an elite whose membership has gained admission to the ranks of the powerful by virtue of its intellectual talent. Its social background is no longer aristocratic, but upper and lower middle class. This is why such a development would be source of even greater bitterness, because the intellectual and spiritual horizons of this class are no longer global or imperial, but parochial and introverted. This is why London suffers from metropolitan inwardness, a fact that is reflected in Cameron’s lack of confidence when addressing a Scottish audience. The other side of this small mindedness is the elite’s hatred of Europe – again a project that engenders deep seated fears and underscores the demise of English influence in the post-war world. Such a development would also be critical for Wales. We have a strong sense of territorial identity but our links with England are deeply embedded. After all it was a Welsh king who created English nationalism, and it was King (Henry VII), whom the poets of Wales praised as the man who had regained the old British kingdom for the Welsh.
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